Jesus is speaking of the end of the age, just before his return, for which we are still waiting. Daniel, an abomination that causes desolation in the OT is much more than denying God or belief in foreign gods. If we are going to be diligent about Bible reading, we are going to have to learn how … The abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel - This abomination of desolation, St. Luke, ( Luke 21:20, ... Ezekiel 8:6-16) which should cause the desolation,—the last drop in the cup of iniquity. 1 … Many scholars have disagreed about the meaning of this verse. Jerusalem is often called the “holy city” (Daniel 9:24, Matthew 4:5 and Revelation 11:2).  In Luke 21:20, Jesus warned, “When you see Jerusalem being surrounded by armies, you will know that its desolation is near.” The Roman army surrounded Jerusalem three times during Israel’s first century war with Rome. According to De Agri Cultura (160 B.C.) The fact that Eusebius says that the abomination of desolation remained in Jerusalem to his day appears to refer to the fact that the idol of Zeus, Caesar and Rome erected in the Temple by the Romans in A.D. 70 in a manner was set up in a more permanent way on the site of the old temple not long after its destruction by the Romans when a Temple to Zeus was built over the site of the former Temple. After the second Jewish revolt, the Romans built a temple to Jupiter, the Roman name for Zeus, on the site in which the former Temple once stood. According to Albert Barnes Bible commentary, the abomination of desolation is a Hebrew expression that means an abominable or hateful destroyer. Whoever is in the field must not turn back to get his cloak. Let no one on the roof of … A careful study of Matthew 24 reveals that it is one of the many Bible passages that has a dual application. But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men. and Romans of the first century A.D. did as well.  These idols of foreign gods are an abomination to the Jews.  It is for this reason that foreign armies like the Greeks of the second century B.C. “So when you see the abomination of desolation spoken of by the prophet Daniel, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand), Matthew 24:15 ESV. When read in this way Matthew 24:15 perfectly matches its synoptic equivalent in Lk 21:20-21: “When you SEE JERUSALEM SURROUNDED BY ARMIES, you will know that its desolation is near. Perhaps the imagery could even be extended to the spirits of the people of God. It deals with a desecration of the worship of God by setting up a new form of worship. Some translations of the bible render this phrase the "abomination which causes desolation," a more accurate depiction of the event. 11 From the time that the daily sacrifice is abolished and the abomination that causes desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days. A. The article looks at the phrase "The abomination that causes desolation" that can be found in Daniel. Though the expression "Abomination of Desolation" is accordingly recognizedin the light of this interpretation as a mistranslation of the phrase used in Daniel, there is no doubt that in the circles directly influenced by the Book of Daniel—the same circles that originated the apocalyptic literature—the expression was employed to designate an important eschatological conception. Mark 13:14 and Luke 21:20-21 record Jesus’ words during the Olivet discourse very similarly. Pingback: Signs in the Sky | Pope Damasus and the Saints, How the Greek (2nd Century B.C.) .” as Mark does in Mark 13:14, Luke says, “When you see Jerusalem being surrounded by armies . Jupiter/Zeus. (Luke 21:20) https://www.biblestudytools.com/.../what-is-the-abomination-of-desolation.html The tsunami is described in Luke 21:25, below. This is why these armies are called the “abomination that causes desolation.”. Kent Hughes commentary on Mark 13:14 "Abomination of Desolation" - Perhaps Jesus motioned toward the Temple radiating in the late afternoon sun as he said, “When you see ‘the abomination that causes desolation’ standing where it does not belong—let the reader understand—then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. The more unbelievable the prophecy, the more amazing and miraculous the fulfillment! Then they will set up the abomination that causes desolation” (Daniel 11:31). Some say it refers to the Roman standard “standing in the holy place,” others believe it refers to the desecration that occurred after the Zealot uprising and was a signal for the Christians to run for the hills. What is He speaking about? The word abomination is typically associated with pagan idolatry and its detestable practices (Deuteronomy 29:16–18; 2 Kings 16:3–4; 23:12–14; Ezekiel 8:9–18). "Abomination of desolation" is a Hebrew expression, meaning: "an abominable or hateful destroyer." Above is the military flag or ensign of Legio X Fretensis present during the siege of Jerusalem in A.D. 70. The Fortress of Masada. Israel revolted against Rome in A.D. 66.  Approximately, three and a half years later, the Roman army under the general and future emperor Caesar Titus, besieged Jerusalem.   When Titus began his siege of Jerusalem he had just recently acquired the title Caesar and upon his father’s death in A.D. 79 was crowned the next emperor of Rome.  Thus Titus, the general of the Roman army at the siege of Jerusalem who later became the next emperor of Rome, is the “ruler who will come” mentioned in Daniel 9:26.  Many Bibles like the NASB translate “the ruler who will come” as “the prince who is to come.”  This prince is Titus who was quite literally a prince during the siege of Jerusalem since he was the firstborn son of the then reigning emperor, Vespasian. This abominable worship of the ensigns at the eastern gate (abomination that causes desolation) was a blasphemous mocking of the ritual sacrifices of Ezekiel 46:1-12.  In Ezekiel 46:1-12, the PRINCE of Judah was to “WORSHIP” (Ez 46:2) together with the people of the land at the THRESHOLD of the EASTERN GATE of the Temple (Ez 46:2-3) and sacrifice 6 lambs, a grain offering, a ram, a bull.  Remember, Titus was ALSO a PRINCE in A.D. 70 being the firstborn son of the emperor.  And Titus “together with [his] people” ALSO WORSHIPED at the EASTERN GATE (Wars 6.6.1) sacrificing an ox, sheep and a PIG as part of suovetaurilia.  This blasphemous mocking of Ezekiel 46:1-12 tells Titus’ enemies that HE is the new prince of Israel as Titus once again brings Israel under Roman rule (while leaving the city DESOLATE). Some versions translate the phrase as "the abomination that causes desolation." #2 “…when you see standing in the holy place…” The Holy Place could mean the holy place inside the Temple, or the holy of holies inside of that, or the Temple itself, or even the city of Jerusalem. Daniel 11:31, ESV: "Forces from him shall appear and profane the temple and fortress, and shall take away the regular burnt offering. The Lord our God is merciful and forgiving even though we have rebelled against him. Though it is certainly true that the abomination that causes desolation refers to foreign armies and their idols that caused the desolation of Israel, there is a kind of poetry to this phrase in that it also refers to an abominable act that both the Greek and Roman armies performed in the Jewish Temple.  In other words, there is a kind of poetic depth to this term in the way this prophecy was fulfilled historically in the second century B.C. Mark 13:14 New International Version (NIV). If you are still here, faithfully enduring the trial of the end times, then he will call up in the air with him (1 Cor 15:51-54). Matthew 24:15-16 ...'When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand) then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains.' Jesus is speaking of the end of the age, just before his return, for which we are still waiting. However, this would be an unusual convention for the Gospels, so it is more probable that Jesus means to let the reader of Daniel understand the meaning. In the new heaven and new earth there will be “nothing unclean and no one who practices abominations and lying” (21:27). Truthfairy Commentary Saturday, March 18, 2017. In the 1st century CE it was taken up by the authors of the gospels in the context of the Roman destruction of … Christ mentions the key event upon which the entire passage turns when He speaks of the abomination of desolation. Biblical predictions frequently have dual fulfillments, an immediate typological fulfillment and a subsequent antitypical fulfillment. It may even trigger the desolation of the Temple and the city of Jerusalem. Let’s open our Bibles together to the 24th chapter of Matthew. ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION – “So when you see standing in the holy place ‘the abomination that causes desolation,’ spoken of through the prophet Daniel—let the reader understand” (Matthew 24:15). To the Jews, the "abomination of desolation," spoken of by Daniel, brought to their minds the Assyrian ruler Antiochus Epiphanes. Has this come up for anyone else? Thus when the Romans worshiped the ensigns in the Temple this act is aptly called the abomination that causes desolation because this abominable deed perfectly symbolizes the Jews’ ultimate abomination that caused their own desolation at the end of the age. According to Matthew 24:15 the abomination that causes desolation was to stand “in the holy place” which is the Temple. 70. and especially in the first century A.D. (One of the legions in Titus’ army, Legio X Fretensis, was represented by a boar perfectly signifying the abomination that causes desolation when the Greeks of the second century B.C. As also identified by this famous theologian, the first abomination of desolation is the Roman army and is so identified by the parallel gospel of Luke. read more. The abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel - This abomination of desolation, St. Luke, ( Luke 21:20, Luke 21:21;), refers to the Roman army; and this abomination standing in the holy place is the Roman army besieging Jerusalem; this, our Lord says, is what was spoken of by Daniel the prophet, in the ninth and eleventh chapters of his … The word "abomination" in the Greek means something that is disgusting and is oftentimes associated with that which is defiling and/or idolatrous. Amidst the siege of Jerusalem, the Romans carried their ensigns into the Temple and propped them up at the Temple’s eastern gate, “and there did they offer sacrifices to them, and there did they make Titus imperator with the greatest acclamations of joy.”13  As mentioned above, the ensigns were Rome’s military standards.  These metal idols and flags depicted Zeus, Rome and Caesar.  Among these ensigns was the Imago, a graven image of the Emperor.  These ensigns were idols to the Roman legions as is illustrated by the fact that the Roman army worshipped the ensigns in the Temple as expressed by Josephus in the quote above.14  The fact that according to Josephus the ensigns were set up and worshipped on the eastern wing of the Temple explicitly fulfills Daniel 9:27: “And at the wing of the temple he will set up an abomination that causes desolation.”  Recall the Roman army is also believed to have sacrificed a pig to these ensigns in the Temple just as did the Greeks in the previous abomination that causes desolation. ), During the Jewish war with Rome in the middle of the first century A.D. the idol of Zeus was the Aquila, the chief ensign of the Roman army.  Aquila is an eagle who carried Zeus’ lightning bolt and served as Zeus’ messenger.3 The ensigns were more than military flags or standards signifying Rome and its many legions, the ensigns were idols in the most literal sense of the word as they were regularly worshipped by the soldiers of the Roman army.  In fact, the Roman army worshipped and offered sacrifices to the ensigns on the eastern gate of the Temple in A.D. 70.4 Thus the ensign called the Aquila is in a sense an idol of Zeus himself while doubling as the national symbol of Rome just as the bald eagle is the national symbol of the United States.Â, Because the ensigns were graven images, idols and foreign gods, it is not surprising that they were considered an abomination in first century Judea.  The abominable nature of the Roman ensigns is exemplified in The Antiquities of the Jews.  In this important historical work, Josephus tells us that in A.D. 37 the Jews begged the governor of Syria not to pass through Judea with the Roman legions because it was a violation of the Law of Moses for Jews to be in the presence of the Roman ensigns.5  Similarly, when Pilate snuck the ensigns into Jerusalem at night he was greeted with an angry crowd of Jews who petitioned him to remove the ensigns from Jerusalem. In this mountain the Jews put up their last stand after the fall of Jerusalem. The word "desolation" means to be in a condition that is uninhabitable and devastated. (Luke 21:20-21). “So when you see standing in the holy place 'the abomination that causes desolation,’ spoken of through the prophet Daniel—let the reader understand—" Matthew 24:15. I strongly disagree. THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION The key passages in Daniel that mention the term “abomination of desolation” are Daniel 9:27; 11:31 and Daniel 12:11. The Liberty Commentary says, "You, must be taken generically, since the disciples have not lived to see this take place." The phrase “the abomination that causes desolation” was never something that made sense to me until now. Revelation 13:5-6 seem to relate to the events leading up to the future abomination of desolation, foreshadowed in history by the actions of Antiochus Epiphanes (Daniel 11:31; 12:11) and mentioned by Jesus (Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14). Mark 13:14 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Mark 13:14, NIV: "When you see 'the abomination that causes desolation' standing where it does not belong--let the reader understand--then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains." When you see ‘the abomination that causes desolation’ standing where it does not belong--let the reader understand--then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains (Mark 13:14). and Romans of the first century A.D. are called the abomination that causes desolation.  These two foreign armies were an abomination to the Jews because of the idol images they carried. The original event that defined the term occurred about 200 years earlier, when Antiochus Epiphanes sacrificed a pig to Zeus in the temple. The abomination that causes desolation is a term used in the Bible to refer to both the Maccabean Wars in Daniel 11:31 and the Jewish War at the end of the age in the remaining verses.  During the Maccabean Wars of the second century B.C., the Greeks attacked Jerusalem causing a great slaughter in the city.  The Greeks then set up an idol of Zeus (2 Macc 6:1-2) and sacrificed a pig in the Temple in Jerusalem (1 Macc 1:59; Wars 1.1.2).1  This act is referred to as “a desolating sacrilege” in 1 Macc 1:54 and “the abomination that causes desolation” in Daniel 11:31. Also see Historical Evidence that Jesus was LITERALLY SEEN in the Clouds in the First Century.  Israel’s ultimate sin was this love of money that caused the wealthy men of Jerusalem to kill the prophets and saints (Jn 11:47-50; 19:12; Mt 2:1-3, Lk 19:27; Jm 2:1-7; 5:1-6; Lk 11:39, 16:13-15). You will want to be serving him, living for him, and growing in grace. Not only does the beast blaspheme, but also those who worship him speak … and Romans of the first century A.D. sacrificed a pig/boar in the Jewish Temple in the worship of foreign gods.). And it was because of these murders that God punished Israel with the plagues of Revelation (Revelation 6:9-11; 17:4-6; and Matthew 23:29-38).  So when the Roman army worshiped these money-shaped ensigns in the Temple it theatrically symbolized Israel’s ultimate sin (1 Tim 6:10) which is the fact that money (the mark of the beast) was their true god. The article looks at the phrase "The abomination that causes desolation" that can be found in Daniel. In order for people to recognize the abomination of desolation when it takes place, they must first know what it is. 25 Comments. Daniel 11:31 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Daniel 11:31, NIV: "His armed forces will rise up to desecrate the temple fortress and will abolish the daily sacrifice.Then they will set up the abomination that causes desolation." Answer: The phrase “abomination of desolation” refers to Matthew 24:15 (KJV): “So when you see standing in the holy place 'the abomination that causes desolation,' spoken of through the prophet Daniel—let the reader understand.” This is referring to Daniel 9:27, “He will confirm a covenant with many for … It struck me while watching the Holy Father’s Urbi et Orbi and Easter Mass, seeing him almost alone (where in years past … The Romans did almost exactly the same thing in A.D. 70!  Upon seizing the Temple, the Romans set up their ensigns on the eastern gate and offered sacrifices to them (Wars 6.6.1).2  The main ensign was Aquila, the eagle that carries ZEUS’ lightning bolt.  Here we see a veritable idol of Zeus like that erected 200 years earlier by the Greek army in the Jewish Temple during the Maccabean Wars.  What animals did the Romans sacrifice?  Historians believe the Roman army likely sacrificed the suovetaurilia in the Temple that day in A.D. 70.  The suovetaurialia is a ritual sacrifice of three animals: a sheep, an ox and a pig for the purpose of land purification.  The suovetaurilia was customarily performed for the purification of a Temple that had been destroyed. He has been detailing the destruction, devastation, and hardship that will be for all people as this final stage is enacted. The element that makes this prophecy especially intriguing is that Jesus identifies it as a specific sign that the end is near. Is that a typo, a reversal … God causes Jacob's descendants to be greatly troubled because of their sins. The early church historian Eusebius (d. 339/340) also appears to have shared a similar view of the abomination that causes desolation: And from that time a succession of all kinds of troubles afflicted the whole nation and their city until the last war against them, and the final siege, in which destruction rushed on them like a flood [Dan. 24:7], plague [Luke 21:21] and sword [Luke 21:24], and all who had conspired against the Saviour in their youth were cut off; then, too, the abomination of desolation stood in the Temple [Matt. Mark 13:14, Matt 24:15-16, and Luke 21:20-21 all paraphrase Jesus’ words during the Olivet discourse.  Notice that rather than saying, “When you see ‘the abomination that causes desolation’ standing where it does not belong . This great chapter is our Lord’s own sermon on His second coming. Others believe that there will not and that the Church will be purified by enduring the tribulation. The main ensign, the Aquila, was typically depicted carrying Zeus’ the lightning bolt in its talons. I bought a blouse with tiny pleats down the front. What is the mysterious Abomination that causes desolation? ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION – “So when you see standing in the holy place ‘the abomination that causes desolation,’ spoken of through the prophet Daniel—let the reader understand” (Matthew 24:15).The word abomination is typically associated with pagan idolatry and its detestable practices (Deuteronomy 29:16–18; 2 Kings 16:3–4; 23:12–14; Ezekiel 8:9–18). Amidst the siege of A.D. 70 the Roman army likely fired firebrands into Jerusalem.  These firebrands, the Aquila clutching Zeus’ lightning bolt, and the Legio XXII Fulminata, “the Thunderbolt 12th Legion,” whose emblem, not surprisingly, is a lightning bolt are collectively the “fire from heaven” mentioned in Revelation 13:13-15.  The fact that Titus called down fire from heaven in fulfillment of Revelation 13:13-15 not only links him to Elijah, and thus the false prophet of Revelation 19:20, it also metaphorically portrays him as something like the human embodiment or earthly counterpart of Zeus, the thunder god.  Let us now take a look at how these pagan armies with their idols of Zeus fulfill all Bible verses about the abomination that causes desolation. Whoever is on the housetop must not go down to get the things out that are in his house. After making Jerusalem desolate, the Greeks converted the temple in Jerusalem into a temple to Zeus as a gesture of thanks and honor to their god. Revelation 9: A Preterist Commentary–Who is Apollyon? Now let us take a look at every other verse concerning the abomination that causes desolation and explain how each was literally fulfilled in the first century. As also identified by this famous theologian, the first abomination of desolation is the Roman army and is so identified by the parallel gospel of Luke. Matthew 24:15-22 “When you therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) 16 Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains: 17 Let him which is on the housetop not come down to take any thing out of his house: 18 Neither let him which is in the field return back to take his … X Fretensis present during the siege of Jerusalem and with him in,! 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